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some research supporting gender-affirming voice training

Buckley, D. P., Dahl, K. L., Cler, G. J., & Stepp, C. E. (2020). Transmasculine Voice Modification: A Case Study. Journal of Voice, 34(6), 903–910.


Carew, L., Dacakis, G., & Oates, J. (2007). The Effectiveness of Oral Resonance Therapy on the Perception of Femininity of Voice in Male-to-Female Transsexuals. Journal of Voice, 21(5), 591–603.


Chadwick, K. A., Coleman, R., Andreadis, K., Pitti, M., & Rameau, A. (2022). Outcomes of Gender-Affirming Voice and Communication Modification for Transgender Individuals. The Laryngoscope, 132(8), 1615–1621.


Chang, J., & Yung, K. (2021). Gender affirming voice care: A literature review. International Journal of Head and Neck Surgery, 12(3), 93-97.


Hancock, A.B. and Garabedian, L.M. (2013), Transgender voice and communication treatment: a retrospective chart review of 25 cases. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 48: 54-65.


Kim H. T. (2020). Vocal Feminization for Transgender Women: Current Strategies and Patient Perspectives. International journal of general medicine, 13, 43–52. 


Merrick, G., Figol, A., Anderson, J., & Lin, R. J. (2022). Outcomes of Gender Affirming Voice Training: A Comparison of Hybrid and Individual Training Modules. Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR, 65(2), 501–507.


Quinn, S., Oates, J., & Dacakis, G. (2022). The Effectiveness of Gender Affirming Voice Training for Transfeminine Clients: A Comparison of Traditional Versus Intensive Delivery Schedules. Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation, S0892


Rapoport, S. K., Varelas, E. A., Park, C., Brown, S. K., Goldberg, L., & Courey, M. S. (2023). Patient Satisfaction and Acoustic Changes in Trans Women after Gender Affirming Voice Training. The Laryngoscope, 10.1002/lary.30543. Advance online publication




check out this write-up advocating for gender-affirming voice training:

Voice Training Is a Medical Necessity for Many Transgender People

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